Keratoconus, Symptoms and Its Treatment

What Is Keratoconus?

Exceedingly degenerative eye disorder, Keratoconus causes thinning of cornea that changes the shape to a more conical than normal gradual curve. The accurate or precise causes of keratoconus in human beings are still unknown, apart from so much advancement in medical technology.

Certain inconclusive studies have reported that keratoconus can be trigged or caused by multiple causes such as Genetic, Environmental & hormonal factors. These studies are totally inconclusive and Scientists are still working to find out precise reasons that cause keratoconus in human beings. It can cause loss of vision if left untreated.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Some of the common types of symptom of early keratoconus are sudden change of vision in just one eye, lights streaking, blurry vision, sensitivity to light and double vision. Based on the symptoms mentioned above, any specialist eye doctor cans effectively diagnose of Keratoconus.

Treatment of Keratoconus in Delhi and NCR

The treatment of keratoconus starts with new eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, to improve vision by strengthening cornea and stopping the progression of keratoconus. In addition to this, rigid gas permeable contact lenses (RGP or GP) can be used.

More advance method for the treatment of keratoconus in mild vases is by using micro-thin prescription inserts, which is thin plastic ring inserted into mid layer of cornea to efficiently flatten it. Owing to its effectiveness, this safe procedure is Food and Drug Authority (FDA) approved treatment for keratoconus.

One of the developing treatments for different cases of keratoconus is Corneal Cross linking System, which treats the disorder by increasing collagen crosslink. The collagen acts as a natural “anchors” to support cornea in the most efficient manner.

One of the most vital treatments in complicated and extreme cases of Keratoconus is corneal transplant surgery. Due to extreme thinning of cornea and when the vision of the patients cannot be retrieved through any other modes of treatment, the only left option for the doctors is to go for corneal transplant surgery. In this complicated medical procedures, the center of cornea is removed. The center part is then effectively replaced by the cornea of the donor.

The specialized treatment of Keratoconus Treatment in Delhi is photorefractive keratectomy or popularly known as PRK. This treatment is done through refractive surgical procedures conducted by a team of best eye surgeons and eye specialists for the purpose of correction of cornea in the mild cases of Keratoconus. The PRK is considered to be one of the first types of laser surgery that are conducted for the purpose of vision correction in various patients.

The PRK surgery takes more time to recover than Lasik eye surgery. Due to many advantages of PRK over the Lasik, it is considered to be one of the most preferred surgical procedures for vision correction in Delhi NCR and other parts of India. One of the major disadvantages of Lasik treatment in cases of Keratoconus disorder is that it further weaken the layer of cornea and distort vision.


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