Cataract surgery and its effects

Cloudy the eye lens is known as cataract. Usually it is due to aging process but injury to eye can also cause cataract. The patient should immediately consult the eye surgeon because any delay may lead to permanent blindness. Cataract surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with man mad new lens. Some cataracts do not grow into serious problems, and stay without causing any vision problem. But other grows into serious issue and blurs the normal vision.  When a cataract progress, the entire lens of the eye becomes white and cloudy, this stage is called ripe or mature stage .it causes serious vision problems. As a rule, the cataract should be treated before is goes beyond surgery stage.

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Cataract surgery –

Cataract surgeries are done by a technique called phacoemulfication.  In this surgery, the cut is made to harder part of the lens is liquefied and then vacuum out , The cut is made at the side of the cornea. The surgeon uses local anesthesia, before the start of the surgery. The device is inserted into the eye to   send ultrasound into the eye. This ultrasound breaks  the clouded lens into smaller pieces. The smaller breakaway pieces are then vacuum out through the cut from the side of the eye. After the surgery, the man made lens called intraocular lens are put in the eye.

This intraocular Cataract Surgery in Delhi NCR lens can be plastic, silicon or acrylic and has optical power that is chosen by the surgeon to give normal vision to the patient.  This lens needs no special care and is permanent. The duration of the surgery is not more than an hour and is done on outpatient basis. The patient can go home on the same day. But the patient has to follow certain guidelines for several days after the surgery.  The surgery is not given to both the eyes at the same time. Generally one eye is treated and the results are analyses before start of surgery for other eye. There has to be some time gap between two surgeries.

After surgery –

 Surgery is very safe and successful in more than 98 % of cases. Some patients in rare cases may develop some complications, which are transient in nature. Surgeon can recommend some over the counter drugs to cure mild irritation in the eyes. The wear of dark eye glasses is recommended to protect eye from lights.  The patient is also prohibited from strenuous exercises or swimming for few a weeks. .During surgery, the outer lining wall of the cataract, is left in the eye to hold the replacement plant. In some cases, the clouding of this lining may occur after some times. Then a laser Lasik Laser in New Delhi called YAG laser is used to give back normal vision by opening a small hole. This procedure does not involve any pain and it’s effortlessly done by the expert surgeon. The replace lens is not removed.

Types of Cataract Surgical Procedure and Benefits of the Lasik Laser Surgical Procedures

If left untreated, the cataract can cause permanent loss of vision of the individuals. For the ensuring perfect vision, the natural len of the cataract patients are removed surgically and it is replaced with an intraocular lens for the purpose of restoring the lens’ transparency.

The procedures of removal of the natural lens of the eye are called cataract surgery. Different types of surgical procedures used for the purpose of treatment of the cataract are discussed in this blog.  The second part of the blog discusses that the benefits associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures.

Different Types of Popular Surgical Procedures of the Treatment of Cataract

Broadly speaking, there are only two types of surgical procedures that are used for the purpose of treatment of cataract by removal of the natural lens of the eye. First surgical procedures are known for Phacoemulsification or commonly known as Phaco. Other surgical procedures consist of two different types of extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). For the purpose of maintaining the Len’s transparency after the removal of the natural len, most of the cataract surgical procedures inserts intraocular lens.

Cataract Surgery in Delhi

Two types of intraocular lens are commonly inserted for attaining the lens’ transparency.  Common types of intraocular lens inserted in cataract surgery are foldable lens of 2-3 mm Phaco incision and non foldable lenses.  For the insertion of the foldable lens, an ophthalmologist or eye surgeon have to make small incision where for insertion of unfold able intraocular lens, an ophthalmologist have to make a large incision of 10-12 mm.

About 90% of the Cataract Surgery in Delhi is successful in restoring the useful vision of the individual. Quick post-operation recovery, minimally invasive and small incision, make the cataract surgery highly demanded for restoring the normal vision of individual suffering from the cataract.

Other benefits of the cataract surgery are day care and high volume. One of the most popular surgical procedures for treatment of cataract is Phacoemulsification and least popular surgical procedures for treatment of cataract is Intracapsular cataract extraction.

What are Benefits or Advantages of the Lasik Laser Surgical Procedures in Delhi?

With success rate in between 92 to 99%, the lasik laser surgical procedures are considered to be one of the most successful and popular vision correction procedures across the world. Minimum to no pain is associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures conducted by experienced laser surgeons in Delhi. Furthermore, no scars, stitches or bandages are associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures, which are carried out some of the best lasik laser surgeons in Delhi.

Improved vision and long lasting results are some of the benefits associated with Lasik Laser in Delhi. Fast/immediate results and quick recovery are other benefits associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures in Delhi NCR.  After the lasik laser surgical procedures, the patients don’t require to wear the corrective glasses or contact lens.

Advantages of the Lasik Laser Over Other Surgical Procedures and Different Types of Cataract Surgical Procedures

With more than 98% success rate, the lasik laser surgical procedures are considered to one of the most successful vision correction procedures. The benefits of the lasik laser are discussed in the first part of this blog. Different types of cataract surgical procedures used for treatment of cataract are discussed in second part of this blog.

Benefits Associated With the Lasik Laser Surgical Procedures  

As per recent studies, it was reported that about 98% patients achieve vision correction of 20/20 or better after the lasik laser surgical procedures. The lasik laser surgical procedures has stabilization period of 3 month.  It was further reported that after the 3 month of the lasik laser surgical procedures, there was no need for follow up procedures.

In some cases, the lasik laser surgical procedures under or overcorrect vision, in these cases the follow up after 3 month to the surgeons can also be required. Furthermore, the vision correction achieved through the lasik laser surgical procedures is permanent in nature. The enhanced vision of the patients achieved through lasik laser surgical procedures are long lasting in nature.

eyeeeeeeeeOne of the major benefits associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures as compared to other vision correction procedures is that the surgical procedures ensures quick results and quick recovery. The normal vision of the patients to gain through a day time but it is recommended by the doctors that patients should not drive within few weeks of the lasik laser surgical procedures. Perfect vision of the patients can be gained within a day through lasik laser surgical procedures.

Annual cost of contact in developed nation is about 375 to 450 dollars per years. After the vision correction through the lasik laser surgical procedures, the patients have perfect vision without the use of contact len. Furthermore, the patients also have perfect vision without using corrective glasses after the vision correction done through lasik laser surgical procedures.

Lasik Laser in Delhi, which is carried out by using latest lasik equipment and qualified lasik surgeons, is known to correct vision of most of the cases.

Different Types of Cataract Surgical Procedures 

For permanent treatment of the cataract, the doctors make use of different surgical procedures to remove the national len of the patients and replace it with intraocular lenses.In developed countries across the world, one of the most popular cataract surgeries is Phacoemulsification. Other surgical procedures used in Delhi for treatment of cataract are Cryoextraction. In this sophisticated medical operations, the cryogenic substance of the eye is freeze through liquid nitrogen.

The freeze cataract is then extracted by the doctors by using cryoextractor. Femtosecond is surgical equipment that is used for carrying out the cataract surgery. It is saver than the Phacoemulsification and has other benefits. Cataract Surgery in Delhi can be done through sophisticated procedures such as Intracapsular cataract extraction and Extracapsular cataract extraction.

Different Types of Cataract Surgical Procedures and Benefits of Lasik Laser Surgical Procedures

Surgical removal of natural lens for the purpose of treatment of cataract is known as cataract surgery. Different types of surgical procedures for the treatment of cataract are discussed in the first part of this blog.

Different Cataract Surgical Procedures Used For the Treatment of Cataract

One of the most common types of surgical procedures common for the treatment of cataract in many developed countries is Phacoemulsification. The procedures of Phacoemulsification involve the use of sophisticated machinery with an ultrasonic handpiece. The hand piece of the machinery is equipped with steel tip or titanium. For the purpose of emulsification of natural lens of eye, the tip vibrates at ultrasonic frequency of 40000 Hz.

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Other procedure that is used for treatment of cataract is Manual small incision cataract surgery or popularly known as MSICS. The manual small incision surgery is evolution of ECCE. In these surgical procedures, the len is expressed out of the eye through a self sealing scleral tunnel wound.

Removal of almost the entire natural len through surgical procedures where elastic lens capsule is left intact is known as ECCE. The left elastic len allows implantation of intraocular lens once the surgical removal of natural len has carried out.

Surgical procedures, in which the removal of lens and surrounding lens capsules in one piece, are known as Intracapsular cataract extraction.  Femtosecond laser and Cryoextraction are other surgical procedures that are used for removal of natural len of eye for treatment of cataract in the most efficient manner.

After the successful removal of the natural len of the eye, through different Cataract Surgery in Delhi mentioned in the above paragraphs, procedures of intraocular lens implantation are carried out.

In the intraocular lens implantation, an intraocular len is implanted through small incision using foldable IOL. The implantation of the intraocular len through enlarged incision makes use of PMMA lens.

Some of the Benefits of Lasik Laser Surgical Procedures

In the second part of this blog, the benefits of the lasik laser are discussed. Lasik laser is associated with several advantages as compared to other vision correction procedures. It is considered to one of the most successful vision correction procedures with more than 92 to 98% success rate. Laser lasik surgical procedures carried out by well-known surgeons work and are proven to correct vision in most cases.

No bandages or stitches are required after the lasik laser surgical procedures. Furthermore, quick recovery is associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures. For the purpose of further correcting vision, the adjustments can be made years after the lasik laser surgical procedures.

Furthermore, no corrective glasses or contact lens are required to be worn by the patients after the lasik laser surgical procedures.

Very little to no pain is associated with the lasik laser surgical procedures. Vision correction is often immediate with Lasik Laser in Delhi and patients don’t require hospital stay.

Keratoconus and Cataract: Symptoms and Treatment

A degenerative disorder of the eye, which is very common in India, is keratoconus that causes structural changes within the cornea. Clouding of the lens in the eye is known as cataract and can be treated by removal of natural lens through surgical procedures.

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus and treatment of cataract are discussed in this blog.

Symptoms Associated with Keratoconus 

Lasik Laser in Delhi

Blurred vision that cannot be corrected with corrective glasses is one of the earliest signs of keratoconus. As per the recent studies conducted, it was reported that the symptoms appeared at early teen age years of the patients such as increased light sensitivity. Furthermore, other symptoms associated with keratoconus are difficulty in vision at night while driving.

Especially at night, the patients suffering from the keratoconus can experience a halo around lights and ghosting. Eye strain is also associated with the patients suffering from keratoconus. Furthermore, headache and general eye pain are also associated with patients suffering from keratoconus. Excessive eye rubbing and eye irritation are also associated with the patients suffering from keratoconus.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Keratoconus

One of the popular methods of diagnosis of Keratoconus is slit-lamp examination. Corneal thinning and Fleischer’ ring, are things for that the doctors looks during their slit lamp examinations. Stress lines caused by corneal thinning are important role in diagnosis of keratoconus. Scarring at the apex of the cone plays important role in diagnosis of keratoconus.

Treatment of keratoconus can be done through lenses and surgical procedures. Corrective glasses or soft contact lenses can be used for treatment of keratoconus in its early stages.  Hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are used for treatment of keratoconus for advanced or very irregular keratoconus.

Keratoconus Treatment in Delhi can be done through surgical procedures such as corneal transplant. In accord to recent study conducted, it was reported that about 11% to 27% keratoconus was treated through corneal transplant, as the vision correction is no longer possible.

Other surgical procedures used for treatment of keratoconus are Epikeratophakia. As per the study conducted, it was reported that the keratoconus can be treated through corneal ring implants. Cross linking and radial keratotomy are used for treatment of keratoconus through surgical procedures.

Cataract Treatment

Cataract can be treated through different surgical procedures, which are used for removal of len. Phacoemulsification (Phaco) is one of the most popular surgical procedures used for treatment of cataract in Delhi. Cataract Surgery in Delhi such as Manual small incision cataract surgery can be used for effective treatment of cataract in Delhi.

Other cataract surgery used in treatment of cataract is Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Furthermore, doctors or cataract surgical procedures used for treatment of cataract is Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE). In different surgical procedures, the doctor makes use of Cryoextraction, for treatment of the cataract in the most efficient manner. After the removal of the natural len of the patients, the use of intraocular lens is used for restoring vision of the patients suffering from cataract.

Blade free surgery and its advantages over the traditional surgeries

Lasik surgery is conducted to correct the eye vision. Lasik surgery involves the use of laser to reshape the areas under the flap. This flap is created by the use of micro blade in the cornea of the eye. All Lasik surgeries use laser to reshape the cornea for correcting vision. But in the blade free surgery, the laser is the only instrument that is used throughout the surgery. The flap is also created with the use of laser. The use of laser ensures that there is not cut marks and stitching involved in blade free or laser surgery. The healing and recovery time is faster and chances of any complication are less compare to other Lasik surgeries.

With the use of laser in Lasik surgery, the patient who have thin cornea can also be given the Lasik treatment. Earlier, these patients were not considered suitable for Lasik surgery. The use of blade less surgery makes it possible to create the cornea flap thin enough to treat the previously unsuitable candidates’ .The precision with which flap is created in blade free surgery is unmatched. The size of the flap is consistent all over the flap .The flap is made at the accurate depth and pre determined diameter.

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The laser operates at high speed with the help of computer and can be targeted at the tissue to divide it at the molecular level without affecting surrounding areas .The healing process is quick, because the surgeons can Blade Free Lasik in Delhi make the accurate size flap that can fall back original place correctly for natural healing.

Compare to other Lasik surgery, where the blade is used to create the flap, the Lasik surgery with laser or blade less surgery produces few or nil complication after the surgery. The only complication may be that person may become sensitive to light but that surgeon believes is temporary issue. The use of laser in Lasik also gives less chances of dry eye after the surgery. The blade less surgery increases the safety of correction Lasik laser in Delhi of vision by Lasik surgery.  The only issue that is involved with the use of laser surgery is the cost of the treatment which may go up because the cost of the laser is high. The patients have to consult the eye surgeon to determine the correct surgery.

The facilities and trained doctors at the eye institute also determine the use of blade free surgery. The time taken by the actual treatment is very less and patient can move out of hospital in same day. Before the operation, some drops are given to the eye to keep them numb. Local anesthesia is also given. But patient cannot resume the normal working life immediately after surgery. The strenuous exercises and swimming is prohibited during recovery period. Patient has to conduct the doctor before resuming routine working.

Symptoms of cataract and cataract removal surgery

Cataract is the clouding of the eye lens, which prevents the passage of light and blocks the vision. Though, cataract is related to old age, it can also happen due to injury, disease or inflammation of the eye.  Cataract can lead to blindness that is why the surgery must be done to prevent the further deterioration in the lens of the eye. Surgery is the only mean to treat cataract. The common symptoms of the cataract are:  cloudy vision, interference with daily activities like reading or watching TV, sensitive to light, especially to headlight, sunlight, halo or haze around lights. The increase in cataract condition can also decrease the ability to distinguish between colors. The double or multiple visions also starts in the initial stages of the cataract. This problem comes to an end with the growth of cataract. The patient suffering from cataract also may change frequently, the number of spectacles or eye glasses. Some persons with cataract also may get improved near vision with onset of cataract but this is temporarily and vision gets worse with growth in cataract.

Cataract surgery is done to remove the cloudy lens and put clear artificial lens in its place. The advanced cataract surgery is called phacoemulsification, or phaco. In this surgery, the cloudy lens is disintegrated into small pieces with the help of an ultrasonic probe. After gently washing out the debris, the new artificial lens is put in its place.  The incision of only 2.6millimeter is required in this surgery. This incision is self healing. The stitches are not required in this surgery.

Before the surgery, the local anesthesia is given. This reduces the sensation of pain and also prevents Cataract surgery in Delhi the movements of the eye during surgery. Eye drops as anesthesia are placed on the eye. This prevents the pain sensation but does not prevent the movements of the eye. But under both anesthesia, the person is awake and in full awareness during operation.

The artificial lens, which are inserted into the place of cataract lens are of two types. The folded lens and non- folded lens .The non folded one are made with hard plastic and large incision has to be made to insert them. Folded one are made from soft acrylic plastic. The incision for inserting them into eye has to be very small. They do not require any stitches and healing time with them is only 4-5 days. The chance of any infection is also to zero.

Again the folded lens can be monofocal or multifocal. The monofocal lenses give enhanced vision but for near vision the patient has to wear glasses. This monofocal provides improved vision only for one distance. It cannot change like the original lens. Only the use of multifocal gives Lasik laser in Delhi independence from glasses.  The multifocal lens has improved vision for at both distance and near points.  More than 80 % patients will never need any glasses for any activity. The remaining 20 % also prefer multifocal for both near and distance visions.