Keratoconus and Cataract: Symptoms and Treatment

A degenerative disorder of the eye, which is very common in India, is keratoconus that causes structural changes within the cornea. Clouding of the lens in the eye is known as cataract and can be treated by removal of natural lens through surgical procedures.

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus and treatment of cataract are discussed in this blog.

Symptoms Associated with Keratoconus 

Lasik Laser in Delhi

Blurred vision that cannot be corrected with corrective glasses is one of the earliest signs of keratoconus. As per the recent studies conducted, it was reported that the symptoms appeared at early teen age years of the patients such as increased light sensitivity. Furthermore, other symptoms associated with keratoconus are difficulty in vision at night while driving.

Especially at night, the patients suffering from the keratoconus can experience a halo around lights and ghosting. Eye strain is also associated with the patients suffering from keratoconus. Furthermore, headache and general eye pain are also associated with patients suffering from keratoconus. Excessive eye rubbing and eye irritation are also associated with the patients suffering from keratoconus.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Keratoconus

One of the popular methods of diagnosis of Keratoconus is slit-lamp examination. Corneal thinning and Fleischer’ ring, are things for that the doctors looks during their slit lamp examinations. Stress lines caused by corneal thinning are important role in diagnosis of keratoconus. Scarring at the apex of the cone plays important role in diagnosis of keratoconus.

Treatment of keratoconus can be done through lenses and surgical procedures. Corrective glasses or soft contact lenses can be used for treatment of keratoconus in its early stages.  Hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are used for treatment of keratoconus for advanced or very irregular keratoconus.

Keratoconus Treatment in Delhi can be done through surgical procedures such as corneal transplant. In accord to recent study conducted, it was reported that about 11% to 27% keratoconus was treated through corneal transplant, as the vision correction is no longer possible.

Other surgical procedures used for treatment of keratoconus are Epikeratophakia. As per the study conducted, it was reported that the keratoconus can be treated through corneal ring implants. Cross linking and radial keratotomy are used for treatment of keratoconus through surgical procedures.

Cataract Treatment

Cataract can be treated through different surgical procedures, which are used for removal of len. Phacoemulsification (Phaco) is one of the most popular surgical procedures used for treatment of cataract in Delhi. Cataract Surgery in Delhi such as Manual small incision cataract surgery can be used for effective treatment of cataract in Delhi.

Other cataract surgery used in treatment of cataract is Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Furthermore, doctors or cataract surgical procedures used for treatment of cataract is Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE). In different surgical procedures, the doctor makes use of Cryoextraction, for treatment of the cataract in the most efficient manner. After the removal of the natural len of the patients, the use of intraocular lens is used for restoring vision of the patients suffering from cataract.

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Different Surgical Procedures Used for Treatment of Cataract

Cataract Surgery in Delhi

Removal of the natural lens of an eye for permanent treatment of cataract eye problems is known as cataract surgery. One of most popular surgical procedures used that are used in developed national, for the treatment of cataract is Phacoemulsification. The Phacoemulsification is extremely demanded in different developed countries such as United States of America (USA) and United Kingdom (UK).

By using machine-aided with the ultrasonic handpiece, the cataract is treated by effectively emulsifying the material of natural lens of the eye in the Phacoemulsification. The fluid of eye is replaced with irrigation of balanced salt solution.

By the process of replacing the emulsified liquid of natural eye with balanced salt solutions, the anterior chamber is maintained in the most standardized manner. In addition to this, the balance salt solution is highly effective in cooling the handpiece with a titanium or steel tip.

Other popular surgical methods for treatment of cataract are Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS) and Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE). In the Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE) surgical procedures, the posterior capsule is left intact while effectively removing almost the entire natural lens of the eye, for the purpose of allowing implantation of an intraocular lens.

The cost of Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE) is greater than Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS) and it involves large incision and stitches. It is usually recommended for extremely hard cataract and in those situations where generally Phacoemulsification cannot be used.

A modified version of Extracapsular Cataract Extraction is Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery. In addition to this, other surgical procedures used for the treatment of cataract treatment is Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE). This surgical procedure involves removal of the lens and surrounding parts in one piece. After all the surgical procedures mentioned above, the natural lens of an eye is replaced by intraocular lenses.

For effective treatment of cataract by using different surgical procedures in Delhi NCR, the patients can contact reputed and well-known hospitals in Delhi-NCR with experienced surgeons and well-equipped infrastructural facility. For enhancing their skills and updating them with the latest development in the cataract surgery, the surgeons are provided with proper training sessions through international and domestic seminars at regular intervals of time.

Cataract Surgery in Delhi

Cataract Surgery in Delhi is valued for its effectiveness and prompt recovery. With high success rate and low pain, the cataract surgery is highly demanded and appreciated among its clientele.

For systematic and cost effective treatment of other eye-related problems, the patients can hospitals with advanced and ultra-modern Lasik Laser in Delhi. Lasik laser in Delhi is associated with an extremely high success rate of 98% and quick recovery.

Two types of Cataract Surgery rendered by different reputed and well-known eye care institutes in Delhi NCR

Symptoms and Causes of Cataract

Cataract causes permanent loss of vision if left untreated. Some of the common symptoms associated with cataract are faded colors, blurry vision, halos around light. In addition to this, the patients can suffer from near-sightedness due to the increase in the power of lens of the patients.

Progressing age, preceding eye trauma and elevated hypertension, are some of the common causes of cataract. In addition to this, exposure to direct sunlight, environmental factors, diabetes, smoking and drinking can cause different types of cataract.

Types of Cataract Treatment in Delhi and NCR

The removal of natural lens of the eye through surgical procedures for the purpose of treatment of cataract is known as Cataract Surgery. Phacoemulsification and Extra Capsular Cataract Extraction are two types of most common cataract surgical procedures are common across the world for the purpose of effective treatment of cataract, which is clouding of the lens in the eye.

The procedures followed in Phacoemulsification are that the eye surgeon will take small incision in the cornea, which is large enough for the surgical instruments to pass through. After that the eye surgeons will remove the front layer of the lens. By using advance tools, the eye surgeon will break the cataract into small segments. The surgeon will remove the cataract from the cornea by creating vacuum.

Due to less risk to the patient with weak epithelial tissue in cornea, conventional extra capsular cataract extraction in extremely popular in Delhi and NCR regions. First, the face of the patient is cover and only eye is visual. Then the eye surgeons apply the local anesthetic and make a small incision. After the incision is made, a circular tear in the lens capsules is made by the Retina surgeon in delhi. By applying pressure and using advanced tools, the surgeons   remove the cataract from the cornea.

Post the successful removal of the eye lens, through small incision a foldable intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted. A PMMA (poly methyl methacrylate) lens can be implanted through big incision, based on the conditions and demands of the treatments.

Different Eye Care Institutes in Delhi for the Effective Treatment of Cataract

Many reputed and well-known eye care and treatment centers in Delhi NCR provides best in class treatment of various types of cataract through highly safe and effective surgical procedures. Well-equipped with ultra-modern infrastructure and latest equipment, these reputed eye care centers has attained the trust of their customers in the most efficient manner.

Cataract Surgery in Delhi is conducted by using advanced surgical equipment and a pool of experienced eye surgeons and specialists. The surgical equipment is procured from trusted vendors, to ensure high standards of quality. In addition to this, the eye surgeons, eye specialist and other support staff are appointed through rigorous selection procedures conducted by the management of the reputed eye care centers. Moreover, they have years of experience of handling different types of complicated cases of cataract.

Keratoconus, Symptoms and Its Treatment

What Is Keratoconus?

Exceedingly degenerative eye disorder, Keratoconus causes thinning of cornea that changes the shape to a more conical than normal gradual curve. The accurate or precise causes of keratoconus in human beings are still unknown, apart from so much advancement in medical technology.

Certain inconclusive studies have reported that keratoconus can be trigged or caused by multiple causes such as Genetic, Environmental & hormonal factors. These studies are totally inconclusive and Scientists are still working to find out precise reasons that cause keratoconus in human beings. It can cause loss of vision if left untreated.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Some of the common types of symptom of early keratoconus are sudden change of vision in just one eye, lights streaking, blurry vision, sensitivity to light and double vision. Based on the symptoms mentioned above, any specialist eye doctor cans effectively diagnose of Keratoconus.

Treatment of Keratoconus in Delhi and NCR

The treatment of keratoconus starts with new eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, to improve vision by strengthening cornea and stopping the progression of keratoconus. In addition to this, rigid gas permeable contact lenses (RGP or GP) can be used.

More advance method for the treatment of keratoconus in mild vases is by using micro-thin prescription inserts, which is thin plastic ring inserted into mid layer of cornea to efficiently flatten it. Owing to its effectiveness, this safe procedure is Food and Drug Authority (FDA) approved treatment for keratoconus.

One of the developing treatments for different cases of keratoconus is Corneal Cross linking System, which treats the disorder by increasing collagen crosslink. The collagen acts as a natural “anchors” to support cornea in the most efficient manner.

One of the most vital treatments in complicated and extreme cases of Keratoconus is corneal transplant surgery. Due to extreme thinning of cornea and when the vision of the patients cannot be retrieved through any other modes of treatment, the only left option for the doctors is to go for corneal transplant surgery. In this complicated medical procedures, the center of cornea is removed. The center part is then effectively replaced by the cornea of the donor.

The specialized treatment of Keratoconus Treatment in Delhi is photorefractive keratectomy or popularly known as PRK. This treatment is done through refractive surgical procedures conducted by a team of best eye surgeons and eye specialists for the purpose of correction of cornea in the mild cases of Keratoconus. The PRK is considered to be one of the first types of laser surgery that are conducted for the purpose of vision correction in various patients.

The PRK surgery takes more time to recover than Lasik eye surgery. Due to many advantages of PRK over the Lasik, it is considered to be one of the most preferred surgical procedures for vision correction in Delhi NCR and other parts of India. One of the major disadvantages of Lasik treatment in cases of Keratoconus disorder is that it further weaken the layer of cornea and distort vision.